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Russian Utility Vehicles
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Old 04-07-2011
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Default Russian Utility Vehicles

BA64

The BA-64 was a 44 light armored car, employed by the Soviet Army from 1942 into the early 1960s for reconnaissance and liaison tasks.

The BA-64B was nicknamed 'Bobik' by its crews. The total recorded number of BA-64s produced differs even in Russian sources. The most frequently-stated figures are 9,110 (3,901 BA-64 and 5,209 BA-64B) vehicles which were built in the GAZ automobile plant, although a memorial plaque near the pictured Nizhny Novgorod car states 9,063 cars. The Red Army representatives accepted only 8,174 BA-64s, including 3,390 with radio sets; the other vehicles were transferred to NKVD units and Soviet allies.

The BA-64 armored car was a construction initiative of GAZ chief designer V. A. Grachev. Design work started on July 17, 1941. The designer's team also included F. A. Lependin (general layout), G. M. Wassermann (leading engineer), Yu. N. Sorochkin, B. T. Komarevskiy, V. F. Samoilov (armored hull) and others. On April 10, 1942, Grachev was awarded the Third Grade Stalin Prize for creation of the BA-64 armored car and GAZ-61 light jeep.

The initial BA-64 model was based upon the GAZ-64 jeep and fitted with sloped armor that had some similarities to the German Sd kfz 222 design. One captured Sd Kfz 222 was transferred to GAZ for examination and analysis on September 7, 1941. The first prototype was tested on January 9, 1942. The hull had many resemblances with sdkfz-234 basic shape, and it had an open roof, with a pintle-mounted 7.62mm DT machine gun. The vehicle was operated by a crew of two. The next day the BA-64 prototype was shown to Kliment Voroshilov. The official presentation was in the Kremlin on March 3, 1942. The State Defense Committee adopted the BA-64 for Red Army service on March 14, 1942. It was top-heavy and could easily overturn on rough terrain.

The improved BA-64B model was introduced in 1943, based on the GAZ-67B jeep, with a wider wheelbase. This model also had a small machine-gun turret added. The mass production of BA-64Bs continued through the rest of the Second World War and ceased in 1946. The last 62 vehicles were completed in that year.
  • Type : Armored car
  • Place of origin : Soviet Union
  • In service 19421960s (USSR)
  • Used by : Soviet Union, China, Czechoslovakia, Germany, North Korea, Mongolia, Poland, Yugoslavia
  • Wars : World War II, Korean War
  • Designer : Vitaliy Grachev
  • Designed : 1942
  • Manufacturer : GAZ
  • Produced : 19421946
  • Number built : 9110
  • Variants : BA-64B, BA-64D, BA-64E, BA-64G, BA-64W
  • Weight : 2.36 tonnes
  • Length : 3.66 m (12 ft)
  • Width : 1.69 m (5 ft 6.5 in)
  • Height : 1.90 m (6 ft 2.8 in)
  • Crew :2
  • Armor : 415 mm
  • Primary armament : 7.62 mm DT machine gun with 1260 rounds
  • Engine : 4-cylinder liquid-cooled GAZ-MM 50 hp (37 kW)
  • Power/weight :22 hp/tonne
  • Suspension : Wheeled, 4x4
  • Ground clearance : 23.5 mm (0.9 in)
  • Operational range : 300600 km
  • Speed : 80 km/h

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BA67

The GAZ-67 and the subsequent GAZ-67B were general purpose four wheel drive Soviet military vehicles built by GAZ starting in 1943. By the end of the war, it was the Soviet equivalent of the Willy's Jeep

The GAZ-67 was a further development of the earlier GAZ-64. A main improvement was a wider track of 1446 mm. It also had a strengthened chassis frame, enlarged fuel tank and other improvements. It was powered by a slightly more powerful 54 hp (40 kW) version of GAZ M1 4-cylinder 3280 cc gasoline motor, and had a top speed of 90 km/h (56 mph). Production started on 23 September 1943 (the first serial vehicle produced). From January 1944 it was replaced by the GAZ-67B, which had some mechanical improvements.
  • Manufacturer : GAZ
  • Production : 92,843 (19431953)
  • Predecessor : GAZ-64
  • Successor : GAZ-69
  • Body style : 4x4 Jeep
  • Engine : 3.3L 4-cylinder gasoline 50 hp (GAZ-67); 54 hp (GAZ-67B)
  • Wheelbase : 2,100 mm (82.7 in)
  • Length : 3,345 mm (131.7 in)
  • Width : 1,685 mm (66.3 in)
  • Height : 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
  • Curb weight : 1,320 kg (2,910 lb)
  • Related : GAZ-64, BA-64, GAZ-69

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ZIS-5v

The ZIS-5 (Russian: ЗиС-5) was a 4x2 Soviet truck produced by Moscow ZIS factory from October 1933 on. It was an almost identical copy of the American Autocar Model CA truck.

In 1931 Moscow Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO, Russian Автомобильное Московское Общество (АМО) Moscow Automotive Enterprise) truck plant was re-equipped and expanded with the help of the American A.J. Brandt Co., and began to produce a new truck with designation of AMO-2. AMO-2 was intended as a replacement of the previous AMO-F15, the first Soviet truck ever built (it was a copy of the Italian Fiat F-15).

Soon AMO-2 was improved, and new models AMO-3 and AMO-4 appeared. In 1933 AMO was rebuilt again and renamed into Factory No. 2 Zavod Imeni Stalina (or Plant of Stalin's Name, abbreviated in ZIS or ZiS) and in Summer first prototypes of the new ZIS-5 appeared.

At the end of 1941 war shortages of raw materials forced to change the construction of ZIS-5. All changes were focused on simplify construction: the round, stamped wings were replaced with flat, bended ones, cabs and foot boards were now made from wood, brakes were removed from front wheels, rear body had the tailgate swinging only. Sometimes also the right headlight was removed, while bumpers disappeared forever.

The simplified model, designated ZIS-5V, was produced since May 1942 in Ulyanovsk, and later also in Moscow and Miass. Overall production scored about 1 million units (all plants), with ZIS alone producing 532,311 samples. During the War years were produced about 83.000 of ZIS-5 of both versions.
  • 4x2, 2-axle 3-ton cargo truck
  • Overall production: about 1 million
  • Engine: carburetor, 73 hp(*)/2300rpm 6-cyl. SV, 5557 cc, water-cooled (from Jan. 1944 - 76 hp/2400rpm, from early 1950s - 85 hp)
  • Bore/Stroke: 101,6/114,3 mm
  • Length: 6,060 mm (238.6 in) (with bumper)
  • Height: 2,160 mm (85.0 in)
  • Width: 2,235 mm (88.0 in)
  • Wheelbase: 3,810 mm (150.0 in)
  • Transmission: 4x2 speed without synchronizers
  • Weight: 3,100 kg (6,834 lb) (unloaded)
  • Maximal speed: 60 km/h (37 mph) (from early 1950s - 70 km/h (43 mph))
  • Tires: 34x7 or 9,00x20 (post-war) inches, admittable change for 36x8.
  • Fuel consumption: 34.0 L/100 km

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