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USA Utility Vehicle Facts
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Old 04-07-2011
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Default USA Utility Vehicle Facts

Jeep

The original trademark brand-name application was filed in February 1943 by Willys-Overland. It is also used as a generic term with a lowercase (jeep) for vehicles inspired by the Jeep that are suitable for use on rough terrain.

As the only company that continually produced Jeep vehicles after the war, in June 1950 Willys-Overland was granted the privilege of owning the name "Jeep" as a registered trademark.

Jeep is an automobile marque of Chrysler. It is the oldest off-road vehicle (also sport utility vehicle – SUV) brand. It inspired a number of other military Light Utility Vehicles, such as the Land Rover which is the second oldest 4-wheel-drive brand. The original Jeep vehicle that first appeared as the prototype Bantam BRC became the primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the United States Army and Allies during World War II, as well as the postwar period. Many Jeep variants serving similar military and civilian roles have since been created in other nations.

When it became obvious that the United States was eventually going to become involved in the war raging in Europe, the U.S. Army contacted 135 companies asking for working prototypes of a four-wheel-drive reconnaissance car. Only two companies responded to the request, The American Bantam Car Company and Willys-Overland. The Army had set what seemed like an impossible deadline of 49 days to supply a working prototype. Willys asked for more time but were refused. The bankrupt American Bantam Car Company had no engineering staff left on the payroll and brought in Karl Probst, a talented freelance designer from Detroit. After turning down an initial request from Bantam, Probst accepted the job after being asked again by the Army, and initially working without salary, went to work July 17, 1940.

Probst completely laid out plans for the Bantam prototype in two days, and the next day estimated the total cost of the vehicle. On July 22, Bantam's bid was submitted, complete with blueprints[4] Much of the vehicle had to be assembled from existing off-the-shelf automotive parts, and the custom four-wheel drivetrain components were supplied by Spicer. The hand-built prototype was completed in Butler, Pennsylvania,[5] and driven to Camp Holabird, Maryland, for testing by the Army on 21 September 1940. The vehicle met the Army's criteria, but its engine did not meet the Army's torque requirements.
  • Manufacturer : Willys & Ford Motor Company
  • Production : 640,000 standardized; 8,690 other (1941–1945)
  • Successor : Willys M38
  • Body style : can be piled for shipping, plastic steering wheel, steel seats, hinged passenger front seat, slitted War-time front parking lights.
  • •Gauges: speedometer 0 - 60mph, Temp 0 - 220F, Amp +30/-30A, Oil pressure, map light. Failsafe main light switch pushbutton (can't accidentally pull mainlights on).
  • Engine : 4-cyl. side valves, 134 cu in (2.2 L) (2199 cc), 60 hp (45 kW).
  • •Other: Oil Filter; oil filled mesh; 1 throat carburetor, manual choke, exhaust/intake at driver's side, intake heated via exhaust/bimetal control spring. 6 Volt DC generator, Failsafe automatic fuse.
  • Transmission : 3-speed + reverse T-84 transmission 2-speed Model 18 transfer case; Transfer case2 selections: 2wd Hi , 4WD Hi, 4WD Lo
  • Wheelbase : 80 inches (203 cm) leaf springs, shock absorbers in all 4; full hydraulic brakes in all 4; handbrake assembly at rear of transfer case
  • Length : 131 inches (333 cm)
  • Width : 62 inches (157.5 cm)
  • Height : 72 inches (183 cm) with top up reducible to 52 inches (132 cm)
  • Curb weight : 2,293 lb(1040 kg)
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